by Lil Joe
The 'American people', as American workers think of themselves by
assimilation into this patriotic bourgeois culture call themselves,
believe that "America" is a "classless democracy" and "pragmatic" as
opposed to "ideological". They have internalized the cultural fantasy
opinion that America is the center of world history, the 'envy of the
world', 'the world's first democracy', a 'city on a hill', and other
nationalist delusions of grandeur.
It simply just isn't so. My concern here is the American working class
freeing themselves from these patriotic delusions of grandeur by
promoting class conscious politics. It isn't easy. The American
workers are the most ignorant, racialist, religiously bigoted and the
most delusional patriotic and intellectually backward workers in the
world. It is only in that sense that it can be said of 'American
exceptionalism' that it exists. They are anti-communist Democrats and
Republican and regard themselves as first and foremost "Americans",
compared to workers in Europe and Asia who first and foremost regard
themselves as workers and socialists or communists.
The American workers don't even know they are a working class with
material interests separate and apart from and opposed to capitalists.
They are culturally anti-socialists and pro-capitalist exploitation of
themselves. Those suckers who voted e.g. for Rand Paul agree with what
he said in effect - 'can't we all just get along' - because “We all either
work for rich people or we sell stuff to rich people.”
Rand Paul, as the de facto spokesperson and 'theoretician' of the "Tea
Party" faction of the Republic Party as he is the one in the Senate,
by the vote of the majority of the workers who voted in Kentucky,
articulated the myth of Americana following his victory, when
asked about the continuation of what the Democrats call "tax cuts for
the rich", said:
"There are no rich. There are no middle class. There are no poor. We
all are interconnected in the economy. You remember a few years ago,
when they tried to tax the yachts, that didn’t work. You know who lost
their jobs? The people making the boats, the guys making 50,000 and
60,000 dollars a year lost their jobs. We all either work for rich
people or we sell stuff to rich people. So just punishing rich people
is as bad for the economy as punishing anyone. Let’s not punish
anyone. Let’s keep taxes low and let’s cut spending."
-See the article: "Rand Paul Explains Hiis Support For Plutocracy:
‘There Are No Poor…We All Work For Rich People’"
The Democratic Party may well call itself 'the party of the working
man', because that is the empty clap trap that explains nothing
because it is not an objective economic category. When a capitalist
wants to go out and exercise his legs by cutting his lawn, is he not in
this activity a 'working man'?
The Democrats say they are opposed to 'the fat cats', but are not
there 'fat' [obese] American proletarians? Moreover there is no
economic correlation between 'the working man' and 'the fat cats'.
Rich people are not an economic category. In addition to capitalists,
there are entertainers, athletes, politicians, drug dealers, doctors,
landlords, lawyers, pimps and so on who are also "rich people". It is
therefore just as nebulous a 'category' that the Democrats use as
'income bracket' being those who 'earn' in excess of $ 250,000 a
year' being taxed more than the 'income bracket' of those who
'make less than $ 250,000 per year'.
The taxation of the capitalists and banks must be clearly stated in
scientific categories, the taxation of capitalist's profits, because
it is an 'unearned income' that in itself is derived vampirelike by this
class of economic parasites from the labor, blood, sweat and tears
of the working classes they employ.
Proletarians are not defined as "the working man" nor as "we all work
for rich people". The proletariat is defined as the class of modern
wage workers, having no means of production of their own who are
economically compelled to sell their labor power to the classes that
own the means of production and subsistence in order to live. They do
not "work for rich people", proletarians work for capitalists.
Capitalists are the class of owners of the means of social production
and distribution, and on this basis are the employers of wage labor.
Personifications of capital, they are driven by warewolf hunger for
surplus values hence compel the proletariat to engage in surplus, i.e.
unpaid labor time to maximize profits above the cost of production.
Finance capitalists, insurance companies, service capitalists, retail
capitalists, slumlords, paycheck loan sharks, drug dealers, landlords
and the State share in this surplus of profits as interests, profits,
rent and taxation.
Economic categories are based on relations of production
corresponding to mode of income: capitalist's appropriate the labor
power of proletarians in exchange for currency, by this transaction
capitalists at the same time appropriate ownership of the products of
those laborer's work as the capitalist's possession, leaving workers
with nothing but a paycheck. Capitalists as owners therefore of the
means of production and subsistence that are produced by proletarians
on the basis of this ownership of the means of subsistence produced by
worker's labor power consequently then sell the means of subsistence,
the very products of the proletarians' labor power.
When the capitalist's ideologists and politicians speak of 'liberty'
and 'individual liberty' and 'freedom', they are therefore talking
about the liberty and freedom of individual and collective capitalists
to hire and fire workers as they decide for themselves, and to keep
'big government' out of the market economy. The only function of
'small government' is to spend and maintain a big military and police
force, courts and prisons to maintain the capitalist system's 'law
The Libertarian theoreticians of the so-called Tea Party faction of
the Republican Party, and of Republicans generally, point to Adam
Smith's concept of laissez faire capitalism vis-a-vis 'big government'
[interference] as articulated by Smith in "The Wealth of Nations".
But, that is a ramification of his economic science and not its core
What made the Wealth of Nations economic science was its empirical
analysis of labor, value, prices, wages, profits, rent and other
economic categories as they are 'interrelated'. In this connection,
the core concept of value is the cornerstone of his system. On this he
"Every man is rich or poor according to the degree in which he can
afford to enjoy the necessaries, conveniences, and amusements of
human life. But after the division of labour has once thoroughly taken
place, it is but a very small part of these with which a man's own
labour can supply him. The far greater part of them he must derive
from the labour of other people, and he must be rich or poor according
to the quantity of that labour which he can command, or which he can
afford to purchase. The value of any commodity, therefore, to the
person who possesses it, and who means not to use or consume it
himself, but to exchange it for other commodities, is equal to the
quantity of labour which it enables him to purchase or command.
Labour, therefore, is the real measure of the exchangeable value of
"It sometimes happens, indeed, that a single independent workman has
stock sufficient both to purchase the materials of his work, and to
maintain himself till it be completed. He is both master and workman,
and enjoys the whole produce of his own labour, or the whole value
which it adds to the materials upon which it is bestowed. It includes
what are usually two distinct revenues, belonging to two distinct
persons, the profits of stock, and the wages of labour.
"Such cases, however, are not very frequent, and in every part of
Europe, twenty workmen serve under a master for one that is
independent; and the wages of labour are every where understood to be,
what they usually are, when the labourer is one person, and the owner
of the stock which employs him another.
"What are the common wages of labour, depends every where upon the
contract usually made between those two parties, whose interests are
by no means the same. The workmen desire to get as much, the masters
to give as little as possible. The former are disposed to combine in
order to raise, the latter in order to lower the wages of labour.
"It is not, however, difficult to foresee which of the two parties
must, upon all ordinary occasions, have the advantage in the dispute,
and force the other into a compliance with their terms. The masters,
being fewer in number, can combine much more easily; and the law,
besides, authorizes, or at least does not prohibit their combinations,
while it prohibits those of the workmen. We have no acts of parliament
against combining to lower the price of work; but many against
combining to raise it. In all such disputes the masters can hold out
much longer. A landlord, a farmer, a master manufacturer, or merchant,
though they did not employ a single workman, could generally live a
year or two upon the stocks which they have already acquired. Many
workmen could not subsist a week, few could subsist a month, and
scarce any a year without employment. In the long-run the workman may
be as necessary to his master as his master is to him, but the
necessity is not so immediate.
"We rarely hear, it has been said, of the combinations of masters,
though frequently of those of workmen. But whoever imagines, upon this
account, that masters rarely combine, is as ignorant of the world as
of the subject. Masters are always and every where in a sort of tacit,
but constant and uniform combination, not to raise the wages of labour
above their actual rate. To violate this combination is every where a
most unpopular action, and a sort of reproach to a master among his
neighbours and equals. We seldom, indeed, hear of this combination,
because it is the usual, and one may say, the natural state of things
which nobody ever hears of. Masters too sometimes enter into
particular combinations to sink the wages of labour even below this
rate. These are always conducted with the utmost silence and secrecy,
till the moment of execution, and when the workmen yield, as they
sometimes do, without resistance, though severely felt by them, they
are never heard of by other people. Such combinations, however, are
frequently resisted by a contrary defensive combination of the
workmen; who sometimes too, without any provocation of this kind,
combine of their own accord to raise the price of their labour. Their
usual pretenses are, sometimes the high price of provisions; sometimes
the great profit which their masters make by their work. But whether
their combinations be offensive or defensive, they are always
abundantly heard of. In order to bring the point to a speedy decision,
they have always recourse to the loudest cl amour, and sometimes to the
most shocking violence and outrage. They are desperate, and act with
the folly and extravagance of desperate men, who must either starve,
or frighten their masters into an immediate compliance with their
demands. The masters upon these occasions are just as clamorous upon
the other side, and never cease to call aloud for the assistance of
the civil magistrate, and the rigorous execution of those laws which
have been enacted with so much severity against the combinations of
servants, labourers, and journeymen. The workmen, accordingly, very
seldom derive any advantage from the violence of those tumultuous
combinations, which, partly from the interposition of the civil
magistrate, partly from the superior steadiness of the masters, partly
from the necessity which the greater part of the workmen are under of
submitting for the sake of present subsistence, generally end in
nothing, but the punishment or ruin of the ringleaders. (Adam Smith ibid.
So you see here that Adam Smith, or rather the libertarians reading of
him isn't opposed to 'big government' - that is, the State as an
instrument of the capitalists intervening into the economy against
Labor, against the working class.
Similarly the laissez faire concept of 'government' and its 'proper
function' in the U.S. Barry Goldwater, and presently Rand Paul were
opposed to the 'government' i.e. the State forcing segregationists to
desegregate their resturants, but not opposed to - nay, thought it the
government's duty! - to use guns, waterhoses and dogs against Blacks
who were 'breaking the law' of segregation enforcment by entering
those segregated establishments.
The Democrats as well as the Republicans are for the use of the
State's armed forces against workers domestically and to invade
countries in the interests of the capitalist class and transnational
When the Republicans criticise the Democrats 'government spending', it
is not a criticism for them funding the military component of the
State, but its spending on 'bread and circus'. The Democrats only want
to appease the working class whereas the Republicans want to destroy
its organizations. But, in the last analysis they are both
representing the interests of the capitalist class as ruling class.
But workers, minorities, feminists and so on who campaigned and voted
for Obama as a 'progressives', as American workers call themselves -
they never used the terms socialist or even working-CLASS
- were also fools for believing that theere was something 'historic'
about a Democratic Party millionaire Senator running for the office
of the President in 2008, just because Obama was "Black" - at any
rate wasn't 'white'!
The illusion that 'race' makes a difference is destroyed by the
reality of class power. Besides, Obama is a chump, a push over who
cringes like a Stephen Fetchit when the Democrats were the majority,
e.g. firing Shirley Sherrod and joining the Republicans and Fox News
in the destruction of Acorn. Now that the radical right of the Republican
Party are in the majority he will a rigshaw carrying coolie in service
of these Republicans.
American workers were easily manipulated by words and personality
contest. There is no significant difference between the Democrats and
Republicans, both parties are political representatives of the
capitalist classes different factions. But, the election of Rand Paul
in Kentuky shows pure stupidity of workers to have elected this
'libertarian' demogogue to Senate. Those of the Tea Party
movement' are openly reactionary enemies of unions and minorities.
What is more significant than those gullible &/or reactionary racist
workers who voted in the Republican right wing demogogues is the
numbers of American workers and minorities who enthusiastically
delusionally voted for Obama and the democrats in 2008 but, who in effect,
boycotted the election by not voting in the 2010 presidential race. They
were not the gullible who changed their to Republican.
Millions of the 'American working people' who were delusional in 2008
have learned and come to their senses over the past two years of the
actual Obama presidency with a Democratic Party majority in both the Senate
and the House.
They may to some degree be demoralized by the realization that they
were in fact taken to be fools in 2008. But, the 'feeling' of
demoralization is itself false consciousness, the belief that their
interests were 'betrayed'. They were not betrayed. They were suckered.
The Democratic Party was never a working class partisan party.
never claimed to be. What is important is to realize that, if there is
to be any talk of 'betrayal' is among the workers who seem to have
realized that they were manipulated by 'progressives'. This includes
MSNBC. Yet Keith Olbermann, Rachel Maddow and Ed Shults did
stand on principle and openly exposed the Blue Dog
Democrats and even Obama when they destroyed the prospects for
a so-called 'public option' national health legislation.
Rather than standing with those who got him elected
and fighting the Blue Dogs and Republican opposition, the Obama
administration denounced these 'progressive Democrats' as a
whinning so-called professional left.
The manipulation of workers and minority folk who regard themselves as
'the Left" was accomplished by people such as Cornell West, Micheal
Parenti, Jarvis Tyner, Noam Chomsky, Imari Baraka, Howard Zinn and so
on and who are to be held directly responsible because they claimed to be
socialists, anarchists and communists as they recruited ignorant
workers and minorities onto the so-called "Obama-train" i.e., the
Democratic Party, under the guise of politics of the individual, in
opposition to politics of class war.
The fact is that it is the reactionary representatives of the finance
capitalists, the Republican ideologists in the media and in politics,
who are the one's who raise the issue of 'class', as a pseudo-class of
'the people' vs the 'elite', 'the government', the 'mainstream media'
and so on.
Then, when Democrats raise the issue of their own pseudo-class
category of 'the people' and 'middle class' or 'working people',
'common man' and so on vs 'fat cats', 'the rich' and other words that
have no scientific economic category, as a 'moral' concern, the
Republicans charge that the Democrats are advocating 'class war' and
the Democrats retreat from even this.
But, the fact is, that real class categories, such as the struggle of wage
labor vs capital, is not known to American workers. The actuality is
that the workers who believed in Obama are disappointed because Obama
appears as a wimp that caved into the Republicans and 'Blue Dog
By the way, just as an FYI, recall those "Blue Dog Democrats" that
opposed the Card Check legislation and the national health care or
even 'public option', siding with the Republican Party cadres in the
House and Senate? Of the 80 members of the Democratic House
"Progressive Caucus" that opnly fought at least for the public option
and were the ones targeted by the Tea Baggers, only 4 lost, the others
who ran were reelected. On the other hand, of the 53 members of the
blue dog faction 24 were tossed from office by Republicans although
they voted with Republicans. The point is that Obama sided
with these blue doggers against the 'progressives' and the
'progressives' conceded to them and through them to the Republicans
and the Republicans still denounced and smashed them. In all
probability the 'progressives' will now come out in opposition to
Republicans and again will pretend to 'represent the working man'
but, remember, the Democrats are a Party.
The Democrats and 'progressives' must be seen as capitalist class
partisans and proved themselves as such based on what they did and
didn't do for capitalists compared and contrasted to what they did
and didn't do for proletarians when they had had full domination of
the Executive, and both the Senate and House of Representatives and
not be allowed to fool American workers again. Never again.
The Democrats can fool some of the workers some of the time,
and all the workers some of the time, but they cannot make fools
of all the workers all of the time. This is the significance of the fact
that some 14 million of the 23 million young workers who participated
in the "Obama phenomena" in 2008, under the illusion of politics of
the individual, are now disillusioned 'working people' who didn't bother
to vote for the Democratic Party in 2010.
What was lacking in the 2010 mid-term election was a viable
alternative, and therefore the Labor Party must be again criticised
for not running candidates for the House of Representatives.
There's is a difference between being disillusioned
and being demoralized. To be demoralized by the Republican party's
defeat of the Democrats is to still have illusiions that the
Democratic party is anything but what it is, a political faction of
capitalist partisan politicians.
Those young workers who are dis-illusioned by Obama and the Democrats
are those who are giving up illusions about the politics of the
individual and thinking as workers who are coming to their senses:
those who know that it was the Democratic Party, as majority party, in both
houses of Congress, that transferred a trillion plus dollars from
working class tax payers to fortify finance capitalists' balance sheets,
while these same workers were being foreclosed upon and thrown into the streets
by those very same bankers/finance capital. Industry (General Motors, Crysler...)
"cash for clunkers", "first-time home buyers tax credit program", got its
"bailout" too while Democratic party members blocked Card Check
union legislation; the majority party with the aid of Obama that
killed the Public Option and the workers to buy health
care from the Insurance Company; the majority party that is keeping "Gitmo"
and Patriot Act policies in effect, and Leonard Peltier and other political
prisoners are still in prisons across this land and there are more
Americans in jails than in any other country in the world;
that has increased the violence in Afghanistan,
Pakistan and Somalia, as well as arming and funding Israel and
opposing the Palestinians, opposing the government of Zimbabwe
returning land to Africans, opposing the Iranian and Cuban nations
right to self-determination and attacking Venezuela. This is what the
Democrats are doing and is why workers and minorities didn't
throw away their votes reelecting those damn Democrats in 2010 as they
did in 2008!
But, while remembering what the Democrats and the Obama adminstration
did in union with the "Blue Dog Democrats" and, through them, working
with the reactionary Republicans, don't get demoralized, get angry and
form your own class party to fight both the Democrats and the
Republicans in election contests to win the House of Representatives.
Force our unions to quit the Democratic Party and join the Labor
Party USA. Campaign for leadership positions in the trade unions on a
platform of Quit the Democrats, build the Labor Party!
So, what has 'changed' as a result of these American national
elections? The same as had changed by the 2008 election: Nothing! The
Democrats and Republicans have played musical chairs for more than a
century. Workers get mad at the Democrats and the capitalists displace
them by the Republicans and when they get mad at the Republicans the
capitalists replace them by the Democrats. The politicians in each
Party are financed by the same capitalist classes and the voters are
hoodwinked every election day by demogogic rhetoric.
That the American working class does not yet exist as a class
is why American workers are submitting to the attacks by the
capitalists during this current crisis, and voting for their class
enemies to dominate them whereas the workers in Europe are fighting
As in every industrial and technologically advanced industrial
democracy in Western Europe, the American working class has to have
its own class party that is based, financially and organizationally, on
a Trade Union Federation, socially, in the working class as a whole.
The American workers must come to have and be of a mind and will of its
own, part and parcel of the world wide working class revolution that
is beginning in Europe.
Chinese and Indian workers weren't setting around holding their
breaths in anticipation of which political faction of the American
capitalist classes would be in place as the majority in the House of
Representatives and Senate.
What is more important to class conscious workers, socialists,
communists, anarchists and revolutionary workers of the world are the
class battles of the class-conscious European proletariat, and in
particular, these workers are focused on the French proletariat as
vanguard of those class wars taking to the streets in the cities of
There is no Labour Party in the races for seats in the House of Representatives.
The Democratic Party is the Conservative Party of capitalists who
represent industrial and domestic capitals, the Republican Party is
reactionary representatives of finance and transnational capital. The
working class had no dog in that fight, and the fact that the
Democrats lost seats is evidence that many of the working class and
ethnic minorities, gays and lesbiens, feminists and so on, who were
deluded into believing that Obama as a Negro was on their side, were
disillusioned by his performance as an open representative of the
capitalists in selling out even the trade union bureaucrats of the
Labor Party politics by American workers is needed to break the chain
of delusions of Americana. American workers have to understand that
they are not some illusory 'American middle class' but are part and
parcel of the cosmopolitan proletariat. This is necessary to rid
themselves of the illusion of 'American exceptionalism', 'special
democracy' and other bullshit clap trap rampant in this reactionary
culture, including the myth of politics of the individual vas-a-vis
class politics based on material interests.
American workers are ignorant of the centuries of class struggles and
revolutions of the toiling masses and working classes and the European
economic science and socialist theories that has evolved in Europe as
their own class history as well. The American workers therefore
believe economies are determined by government policy rather than
Yet, it is just as true in the United States as it is in Britain,
France and Germany that Capitalist commodity production on the basis
of appropriated labour power for wages - the buying and selling of
labour power by capitalist from proletarians and the extraction of
profits by the exploitation of wageworkers - operate by objective laws
of motion, resulting in boom/bust cycles, declining rates of profits
and creating of surplus products and unemployment.
The economy isn't run by politicians, but it runs those politicians.
There is no such thing as prosperity, there exists wealth and poverty
and it is the workers who produce wealth for their exploiters and
poverty for themselves. Wages are exploited labour power and profits
are derived from the labour of those exploited workers.
I think the Republicans in the majority in the House of
Representatives with the Democrats in the majority of the Senate and
the Executive will help destroy the credibility of the capitalist
government, and the American workers who voted for them on the basis
of slogans and words, will be crushed into the dirt. They get the
government they voted for: the unrestained rule of capital.
It is therefore all the more a necessity to have a Labor Party
operating in the political arena in a struggle for State Power.
Otherwise, the same capitalists that financed this protofascist
so-called "Tea Party Movement" in 2010 will use these cadres and put
their hundreds of millions of dollars behind a full fledged fascist
Party to sieze the power, will have to do so in response to the
deepening economic crisis when workers spontaneously rise.
So, young American workers, don't be fools for the second time! You
know the Native American wisdom: 'fool me once, shame on you' fool me
twice, shame on me!'
The Democrats will send out their 'progressives', race hustlers,
faminists, gay rights activists and trade union bureaucrats again in
2012 to demogogue you into voting to 'stop fascism' and 'not let the
brotha be a failed one term president', to protect Roe V Wade and get
gay's married and into the imperialist armed forces. They do this
without fail, every election cycle.
The difference this time is that the actual capitalist class
partisanship of the Democratic Party was so obviously blatant because
the 'progressives' had raised the hopes so high, and Obama as a 'Black
community organizer from Chicago' was acting like he was Fred Hampton,
stealing words, images and slogans from Martin Luther King Jr and
speeches from Malcolm X!
But more significantly there were Baraka, West, Chomsky, Parenti,
Zinn, Tyner and other 'respected' socialist, communists and
anarchists' who were not just endorsing Obama - that is, the
Democratic Party - but were actively campaigning for him and them, as
well as were the officials of the trade unions mobalizing its members.
In the last analysis, however you must not judge an individual by what
they say of themselves or how they define their behavior but by what
they do, and all those who foisted Obama and the Democrats on the
American working class must be seen and judged by their deeds and
rejected as nothing but lackeys and lickspittles of the capitalist
class party's politicians.
You see what the capitalists are doing. They are investing hundreds of
millions of dollars into the vile racists and Islamophobes, homophobic
protofascist Tea Party and the anti-immigrant militias. But, now that
they have elements in Congress as well as FOX and radio talk shows,
they will be stronger, mightier in 2012 and subsequently. They cannot
be stopped by the Democrats, even if they wanted too, you have seen
for the last two years that they are political cowards who caved into
the Republican 'minority' on each and every 'issue'.
The only way the fascists can be 'stopped' is for the capitalist class
to be defeated in the streets. This lesson is clear by the observation
of what the French proletariat has been doing in response to the
capitalist's government's attempt to treat the French proletariat the
way the American government treat American workers. Also keep eyes on
the Greek proletariat, the Spanish and the German working classes as
Class-conscious American workers must win the leadership of the trade
unions by advancing candidates on a political platform to mobalize
its members in a transformative struggle to go from purely economic
defense and an electoral tool of the Democrats to take the political
offensive in a class struggle to organize the American Labor Party to
take State Power at the ballot box, in class war against the capitalist
class as a class, and therefore fighting both its political representatives -
the Democratic Party as well as the Republican Party, and do this
battle with the same or higher self-confidence and determination as the
capitalists are in financing and organizing their fascist Tea Bag Party,
to take State power to crush us.
Hence at the same time we must anticipate every contingency. Thus, by
forethought and planning we must be prepared: if fascist militias take
to the streets against unions, immigrants and minorities including
Arabs, Mexicans, Muslims and Jews as well as Blacks, we must already
have organized armed and trained workers militias to meet them in the
streets. We will take to the streets to confront the capitalists not
just by general strikes against the capitalist class and State but by
armed workers militias and destroy their fascist goons in bloody
contests for the control of the election process itself.
If and when we win the battle of democracy by taking the majority of
seats in the House of Representatives, by running labor party, green,
socialists, communists, trade unionists and representatives of
oppressed minorities against Democrats as well as Republicans and Tea
Partyers, it will be on a platform for a coalition government of the
House of Representatives that will legislate the abolition of the
Senate, the Presidency, the Judiciary and in every State to break the
power of the Republican red districts by subordinating the rural areas
to the urban centers of industry and commerce.
If the CIA/FBI-Pentagon pulls off coup to abolish the Labor government
of the House of Representatives to prevent it from becoming the new
Parliament, just remember the rank and file of the armed forces are
the sons and daughters, husbands and wives, brothers and sisters of
the working class who will swear their alligence to the new House of
Labor and instead of backing the coup will turn their weapons on the
Taxing capitalists profits is class-conscious but it is not 'class war', and
the so-called 'elite' is not the class enemy of the working class. Class
warfare is a real war, the struggle for Worker's Power by the displacement
of the capitalist class parties, the abolition of the capital dominated Senate,
Presidency and Judiciary and by constituting the House of Representatives
the House of Labor, and there legislating the transfer of the productive forces
from the private possession of the capitalist classes to the public property
of the working classes. This is the political precondition for the abolition
of capitalist commodity production and wage labor.
LabourPartyPraxis discussion - subscribe